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The location of the primary colon cancer has no impact on outcomes in patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery for peritoneal metastasis

Abstract : BACKGROUND:The impact of the location of colorectal cancer on patient outcomes has been reported in several settings. The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic impact of the location of the primary colon cancer among patients with colorectal cancer peritoneal metastases undergoing complete cytoreductive surgery.METHODS:Using the prospectively maintained clinical and biological digestive peritoneal metastasis database of the BIG-RENAPE network, we identified 796 patients treated by a complete cytoreductive surgery between January 2004 and January 2017 for colorectal cancer peritoneal metastases in 16 different institutions. The 2 primary endpoints were overall survival and progression-free survival. To evaluate the impact on overall survival and progression-free survival of potential prognostic factors (including the location of the primary colorectal cancer), these factors were included in univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models.RESULTS:Right-sided colorectal cancers were more often BRAF mutated and had microsatellite instability, whereas the frequency of RAS mutation was similar between right-sided and left-sided colorectal cancers. After a median follow-up time of 3.3 years, there was no significant difference in overall survival or progression-free survival according to tumor side. The lack of effect of tumor location on overall survival and progression-free survival was consistent across subgroups.CONCLUSION:Among patients undergoing complete cytoreductive surgery for peritoneal metastases, the site of the primary colorectal cancer was not associated with differences in progression-free survival or overall survival. Tumor side should not be used as a stratification factor in trials of colorectal cancer peritoneal metastases and should not be used in the selection process of patients for cytoreductive surgery.
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https://hal.umontpellier.fr/hal-02462757
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 21, 2021 - 5:44:23 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 8:06:54 AM

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Julien Peron, Frédéric Mercier, Jean-Jacques Tuech, Rami Younan, Lucas Sideris, et al.. The location of the primary colon cancer has no impact on outcomes in patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery for peritoneal metastasis. Surgery, Elsevier, 2019, 165 (2), pp.476-484. ⟨10.1016/j.surg.2018.07.027⟩. ⟨hal-02462757⟩

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