Stone uses in Reims Cathedral: provenance, physical properties and restoration phases

Abstract : Reims Cathedral is a major monument in the NE of France originally built with local Lutetian limestone. The recent closure of the last quarries has made restoration using the same stone more complicated. The restoration stones used currently are Lutetian limestones from the centre of the Paris Basin (Saint-Pierre-Aigle and Saint-Maximin stones). Mapping of the Cathe-dral's façades confirmed the data from ancient manuscripts: Courville stone was the original building stone, but several other local stones from various quarries and beds were also used. As a follow-up to this mapping, Lutetian limestones from five disused quarries were sampled for pet-rophysical characterization tests: thin section analyses, porosimetry, capillary and drying kinetics. The petrophysical properties of the limestones showed differences between the two main local stone types (Ditrupa limestone and miliolids limestone) and also between the quarries. This study addresses the difficulty of selecting new stone for restoration. Should ancient quarries be re-opened? If so, which ones?
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The Geological Society, London, Special Publications, Geological Society of London, 2014, 391 (1), pp.17 - 30. 〈10.1144/SP391.7〉
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Soumis le : mercredi 11 avril 2018 - 10:31:22
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Aurélie Turmel, Gilles Fronteau, Céline Thomachot-Schneider, Claire Moreau, Laurent Chalumeau, et al.. Stone uses in Reims Cathedral: provenance, physical properties and restoration phases. The Geological Society, London, Special Publications, Geological Society of London, 2014, 391 (1), pp.17 - 30. 〈10.1144/SP391.7〉. 〈hal-01689083〉

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