Eosinophil Cationic Protein (ECP), a predictive marker of bullous pemphigoid severity and outcome

Abstract : Bullous Pemphigoid (BP) is an inflammatory rare autoimmune bullous dermatosis, which outcome cannot be predicted through clinical investigations. Eosinophils are the main immune infiltrated cells in BP. However, the release of Major Basic Protein (MBP), Eosinophil Derived Neurotoxin (EDN), and Eosinophil Cationic Protein (ECP) upon eosinophil activation has still not been evaluated with respect to BP development. MBP, EDN and ECP were measured by ELISA in serum (n = 61) and blister fluid (n = 20) of patients with BP at baseline, and in serum after 2 months of treatment (n = 41). Eosinophil activation in BP patients was illustrated at baseline by significantly higher MBP, EDN and ECP serum concentrations as compared with control subjects (n = 20), but without distinction according to disease severity or outcome. EDN and ECP values were even higher in the blister fluids (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively), whereas MBP values were lower (P < 0.001). ECP serum concentration decreased after 60 days of treatment in BP patients with ongoing remission but not in patients who later relapsed (P < 0.05). A reduction of at least 12.8 ng/mL in ECP concentrations provided a positive predictive value for remission of 81%, showing that ECP serum variation could be a useful biomarker stratifying BP patients at risk of relapse.
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Delphine Giusti, Grégory Gatouillat, Sébastien Le Jan, Julie Plée, Philippe Bernard, et al.. Eosinophil Cationic Protein (ECP), a predictive marker of bullous pemphigoid severity and outcome. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7 (1), pp.4833. ⟨10.1038/s41598-017-04687-5⟩. ⟨hal-01825916⟩

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