Flavonoids, cytotoxic, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Evax pygmaea

Abstract : Context: Phytochemical study and biological potential of Evax pygmaea (L.) Brot. (Asteraceae) are reported for the first time. Objective: To identify the secondary metabolites of Evax pygmaea and to determine its antioxidant, antibacterial and cytotoxic activities. Materials and methods: Dried aerial parts (1 kg) were macerated in 70% MeOH (5 L) during 72 h. The concentrated hydromethanolic extract was subjected to extractions with chloroform (3 × 300 mL), ethyl acetate (3 × 300 mL) and n-butanol (3 × 300 mL), successively. VLC of combined ethyl acetate (EAEP) and n-butanol (BEP) fractions was followed by column purifications. Antioxidant activity was investigated using DPPH, CUPRAC, and metal chelating, β-carotene/linoleic acid and ABTS assays. Agar method was used in the antibacterial study. Cytotoxic activity was determined by Brine shrimp lethality test in DMSO and ethanol, at varying concentrations (2, 1 and 0.2%) and (1, 0.2 and 0.1%) successively. Results: Quercetin (1), isorhamnetin 3-O-β-d-xyloside (2), isorhamnetin 3-O-β-d-glucoside (3), quercetin 3-O-β-d-glucoside (4), quercetin 7-O-β-D-glucoside (5), patuletin 3-O-β-d-glucoside (6) were isolated from for the first time from Evax genus. The EAEP was the most active in ABTS (IC50: <3.125 μg/mL) assay whereas the BEEP exhibited the highest activity in the β-carotene/linoleic acid assay (IC50: <3.125 μg/mL). The EAEP and BEP exhibited good antibacterial activity (MIC: 40–80 µg/mL). The plant did not show any toxicity (LD50>80 µg/mL). Discussion and conclusions: Six flavonoids were isolated for the first time from Evax pygmaea which exhibited good antioxidant and antibacterial activities.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 10, 2018 - 11:33:17 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 9, 2020 - 11:02:04 AM

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Assia Khalfallah, Djemaa Berrehal, Chawki Bensouici, Ahmed Kabouche, Zahia Semra, et al.. Flavonoids, cytotoxic, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Evax pygmaea. Pharmaceutical Biology, Taylor & Francis, 2017, 55 (1), pp.2292 - 2296. ⟨10.1080/13880209.2017.1405997⟩. ⟨hal-01834125⟩

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