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Production of Csp3–Csp3 Bonds through Palladium‐Catalyzed Tsuji–Trost‐Type Reactions of (Hetero)Benzylic Substrates

Abstract : This review covers the formation of Csp3–Csp3 bonds through Pd‐catalyzed reactions of benzylic and heterobenzylic substrates bearing acetate, carbonate, phosphonate, or halide leaving groups, with malonate‐type compounds, oxazoles, aldehydes, α,β‐unsaturated aldehydes, oxindoles, or azlactones. Some of these coupling reactions have been carried out efficiently under enantioselective conditions. In most cases the reaction involves nucleophilic addition to the η3‐benzylpalladium intermediate formed by elimination of the leaving group. Before the nucleophilic attack, however, this intermediate can equilibrate with another benzylpalladium complex, leading to the isomeric coupling product. Because the nucleophilic addition can lead to the dearomatization of the aryl unit, subsequent rearomatization can transform the Csp3–Csp3 bond into a Csp2–Csp3 bond. Intramolecular reactions between benzylic and nucleophilic units have been reported, as well as decarboxylative benzylations from substrates in which the leaving group contains a potential nucleophilic species.
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-01888161
Contributor : Jean Le Bras <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 4, 2018 - 5:44:56 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 12, 2019 - 12:01:07 PM

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Jean Le Bras, Jacques Muzart. Production of Csp3–Csp3 Bonds through Palladium‐Catalyzed Tsuji–Trost‐Type Reactions of (Hetero)Benzylic Substrates. European Journal of Organic Chemistry, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2016, pp.2565-2593. ⟨10.1002/ejoc.201600094⟩. ⟨hal-01888161⟩

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