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Triterpenoids from the leaves of Alphitonia xerocarpus Baill and their biological activity

Abstract : Ten previously undescribed triterpenoid saponins and a previously undescribed norlupane triterpenoid were isolated, with three known saponins, four known flavonoids, two known lupane derivatives, sitosterol and 6'-heptadecanoyl-3-O-β-d-glucopyranosylsitosterol from the leaves of Alphitonia xerocarpus (Rhamnaceae), an endemic tree of New Caledonia. The chemical structures of the purified compounds were identified by nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry. The isolated compounds were tested for their antioxidant, antityrosinase, antibacterial and cytotoxic activity. The aqueous methanol extract showed antioxidant activity (DPPH assay) due to the presence of rutin. Ceanothenic acid showed good cytotoxic activity against a KB cell line (IC50 = 2.6 μM) and antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis with MIC values of 8 and 16 μg/mL, respectively. The previously undescribed 29-hydroxyceanothenic acid exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity (IC50 = 10 μM), good antibacterial activity against S. aureus (MIC = 4 μg/mL) and moderate antibacterial activity against E. faecalis (MIC = 16 μg/mL).
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 28, 2021 - 4:13:45 PM
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Dima Muhammad, Nathalie Lalun, Hélène Bobichon, Elisabeth Le Magrex Debar, Sophie C. Gangloff, et al.. Triterpenoids from the leaves of Alphitonia xerocarpus Baill and their biological activity. Phytochemistry, Elsevier, 2016, 129, pp.45-57. ⟨10.1016/j.phytochem.2016.07.005⟩. ⟨hal-01996335⟩



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