Lumican as a multivalent effector in wound healing. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews Year : 2018

Lumican as a multivalent effector in wound healing.

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Abstract

Wound healing, a complex physiological process, is responsible for tissue repair after exposure to destructive stimuli, without resulting in complete functional regeneration. Injuries can be stromal or epithelial, and most cases of wound repair have been studied in the skin and cornea. Lumican, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, is expressed in the extracellular matrices of several tissues, such as the cornea, cartilage, and skin. This molecule has been shown to regulate collagen fibrillogenesis, keratinocyte phenotypes, and corneal transparency modulation. Lumican is also involved in the extravasation of inflammatory cells and angiogenesis, which are both critical in stromal wound healing. Lumican is the only member of the small leucine-rich proteoglycan family expressed by the epithelia during wound healing. This review summarizes the importance of lumican in wound healing and potential methods of lumican drug delivery to target wound repair are discussed. The involvement of lumican in corneal wound healing is described based on in vitro and in vivo models, with critical emphasis on its underlying mechanisms of action. Similarly, the expression and role of lumican in the healing of other tissues are presented, with emphasis on skin wound healing. Overall, lumican promotes normal wound repair and broadens new therapeutic perspectives for impaired wound healing.
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hal-02186927 , version 1 (17-07-2019)

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Konstantina Karamanou, Gwenn Perrot, François-Xavier Maquart, Stéphane Brézillon. Lumican as a multivalent effector in wound healing.. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 2018, 129, pp.344-351. ⟨10.1016/j.addr.2018.02.011⟩. ⟨hal-02186927⟩
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