G. Abatangelo, D. Daga-gordini, and A. M. Tamburro, Soluble fragments of elastin. Circular dichroism studies, Int. J. Peptide Prot. Res, vol.5, pp.63-68, 1973.

A. J. Alix, L. Debelle, M. Berjot, M. Dauchez, D. I. Gulyaev et al., Molecular and supramolecular architecture of elastin, Elastin and Elastic Tissue, pp.23-30, 1997.

M. M. Bashir, Z. Indik, H. Yeh, N. Ornstein-goldstein, J. C. Rosenbloom et al., Characterization of the complete human elastin gene, J. Biol. Chem, vol.264, pp.8887-8891, 1989.

M. Bashir, Z. Indik, H. Yeh, W. Abrams, N. Ornstein-goldstein et al., Elastin gene structure and mRNA alternative splicing, Elastin: Chemical and Biological Aspects, pp.43-70, 1990.

F. Bisaccia, M. A. Castiglione-morelli, M. De, S. Biasi, S. Traniello et al., Migration of monocytes in the presence of elastolytic fragments of elastin and in synthetic derivates. Structure±activity relationships, Int. J. Peptide Protein Res, vol.44, pp.332-341, 1994.

G. M. Bressan, P. Argos, and K. K. Stanley, Repeating structure of chick tropoelastin revealed by complementary DNA cloning, Biochemistry, vol.26, pp.1497-1503, 1987.

P. Brown-augsburger, C. Tisdale, T. Broekelmann, C. Sloan, and R. P. Mecham, Identi®cation of an elastin crosslinking domain that joins three peptide chains. Possible role in nucleated assembly, J. Biol. Chem, vol.270, pp.17778-17783, 1995.

P. Brown-augsburger, T. Broekelmann, J. Rosenbloom, and R. P. Mecham, Functional domains on elastin and micro-®bril-associated glycoprotein involved in elastic ®bre assembly, Biochem. J, vol.318, pp.149-155, 1996.

M. A. Castiglione-morelli, A. Scopa, V. Guantieri, and A. M. Tamburro, Spectroscopic studies on elastin-like synthetic polypeptides, Int. J. Biol. Macromol, vol.12, pp.363-368, 1990.

M. A. Castiglione-morelli, M. De, A. Biasi, A. M. Stradis, and . Tamburro, An aggregating elastin-like pentapeptide, J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn, vol.11, pp.181-190, 1993.

M. A. Castiglione-morelli, F. Bisaccia, S. Spisani, M. De, S. Biasi et al., Structure-activity relationships for some elastin-derived peptide chemoattractants, J. Peptide Res, vol.49, pp.492-499, 1997.

A. M. Christiano and J. Uitto, Molecular pathology of the elastic ®bers, J. Invest. Dermatol, vol.103, pp.53-57, 1994.

M. E. Curran, D. L. Atkinson, A. K. Ewart, C. A. Morris, M. F. Leppert et al., The elastin gene is disrupted by a translocation associated with supravalvular aortic stenosis, Cell, vol.73, pp.159-168, 1993.

J. M. Davidson, M. Giro, M. Sutclie, O. Zoia, D. Quaglino et al.,

S. Broadley, G. C. Russell, and . Sephel, Regulation of elastin synthesis, Elastin: Chemical and Biological Aspects. Congedo Editore, 1990.

J. M. Davidson, M. Zang, O. Zoia, and M. G. Giro, Regulation of elastin synthesis in pathological states, CIBA Found. Symp, vol.192, pp.81-89, 1995.

J. M. Davidson, M. Zhang, L. He, and M. G. Giro, A new genetic basis for cutis laxa, Elastin and Elastic Tissue, pp.139-144, 1997.

L. Debelle, S. M. Wei, M. P. Jacob, W. Hornebeck, and A. J. Alix, Predictions of the secondary structure and antigenicity of human and bovine tropoelastins, Eur. Biophys. J, vol.21, pp.321-329, 1992.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02328556

L. Debelle, A. J. Alix, M. P. Jacob, J. P. Huvenne, M. Berjot et al., Bovine elastin and kelastin secondary structure determination by optical spectroscopies, J. Biol. Chem, vol.270, pp.26099-26103, 1995.

A. K. Ewart, C. A. Morris, D. Atkinson, W. Jin, K. Sternes et al.,

. Keating, Hemizygosity at the elastin locus in a developmental disorder, Williams syndrome, Nature Genet, vol.5, pp.11-16, 1993.

M. J. Fazio, M. Mattei, E. Passage, M. Chu, D. Black et al., Human elastin gene: new evidence for localization to the long arm of chromosome 7, Am. J. Hum. Genet, vol.48, pp.696-703, 1991.

P. J. Flory, Statistical Mechanics of Chain Molecules, 1969.

J. A. Foster, E. Bruenger, W. R. Gray, and L. B. Sandberg, Isolation and amino acid sequences of tropoelastin peptides, J. Biol. Chem, vol.248, pp.2876-2879, 1973.

J. A. Foster, C. B. Rich, M. Miller, M. R. Benedict, R. A. Richman et al., Eect of age and IGF-1 administration on elastin gene expression in rat aorta, J. Gerontol, vol.45, pp.113-118, 1990.

L. Gotte, M. Mammi, and G. Pezzin, Scanning electron microscope observations on elastin, Connect. Tiss. Res, vol.1, pp.61-67, 1972.

V. Guantieri, A. M. Tamburro, and D. Daga-gordini, Conformational changes induced in a-elastin by cholesterol, taurocolate and unsatured fatty acids, Int. J. Biol. Macromol, vol.2, pp.68-72, 1980.

R. A. Heim, R. A. Pierce, S. B. Deak, D. J. Riley, C. D. Boyd et al., Alternative splicing of rat tropoelastin pre-mRNA is developmentally regulated, Matrix, vol.11, pp.359-366, 1991.

A. Hinek, Elastin receptor and tropoelastin chaperone, Elastin and Elastic Tissue, pp.75-81, 1997.

A. Hinek and M. Rabinovitch, The 67 kDa elastin-binding protein is a protective companion of extracellular insoluble elastin and intracellular tropoelastin, J. Cell. Biol, vol.126, pp.563-574, 1994.

A. Hinek, D. S. Wrenn, R. P. Mecham, and S. H. Barondes, The elastin receptor: a galactoside-binding protein, Science, vol.239, pp.1539-1541, 1988.

C. A. Hoeve and P. J. Flory, The elastic properties of elastin, Biopolymers, vol.13, pp.677-686, 1974.

S. Hsu-wong, S. D. Katchman, I. Ledo, M. Wu, J. Khillan et al., Tissue-speci®c and developmentally regulated expression of human elastin promoter activity in transgenic mice, J. Biol. Chem, vol.269, pp.18072-18075, 1994.

Z. Indik, H. Yeh, N. Ornstein-goldstein, P. Sheppard, N. Anderson et al., Alternative splicing of human elastin mRNA indicated by sequence analysis of cloned genomic and complementary DNA, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, vol.84, pp.5680-5684, 1987.

M. P. Jacob and W. Hornebeck, Isolation and characterization of insoluble and kappa-elastins, Front. Matrix Biol, vol.10, pp.92-129, 1985.

V. Kaè-haè-ri, D. R. Olsen, R. W. Rhudy, P. Carrillo, Y. Q. Chen et al., Transforming growth factor-b upregulates elastin gene expression in human skin ®broblasts: evidence for post-transcriptional modulation, Lab. Invest, vol.66, pp.580-588, 1992.

F. W. Keeley, L. Todorovich, and M. Rabinovitch, Elastin and elastases in the pathology of the arterial wall

, Elastin and Elastases, vol.II, pp.169-184, 1989.

A. Khakoo, R. Thomas, R. Trompeter, P. Duy, R. Price et al., Congenital cutis laxa and lysyl oxidase de®ciency, vol.51, pp.109-114, 1997.

R. L. Korneberg, S. Hendler, A. I. Oikarinen, L. Y. Mtsuoka, and J. Uitto, ElastodermaÐDisease of elastin accumulation within the skin, New Engl. J. Med, vol.312, pp.771-775, 1985.

A. I. Lansing, T. B. Rosenthal, M. Alex, and E. W. Dempsey, The structure and chemical characterization of elastic ®bers as revealed by elastase and by electron microscopy, Anat. Rec, vol.114, pp.555-575, 1952.

F. Lelj, A. M. Tamburro, V. Villani, P. Grimaldi, and V. Guantieri, Molecular dynamics study of the conformational behavior of a representative elastin building block: Boc-Gly-Val-Gly-Gly-Leu-OMe, vol.32, pp.159-170, 1992.

D. Y. Li, A. E. Toland, B. B. Boak, D. L. Atkinson, G. J. Ensing et al., Elastin point mutations cause an obstructive vascular disease, supravalvular aortic stenosis, Hum. Mol. Genet, vol.6, pp.1021-1028, 1997.

M. J. Lipta, M. D. Bolney, R. P. Mecham, J. Rosenbloom, J. D. Cooper et al., The detection of a unique isoform of elastin in human hypertensive pulmonary arteries, Surgical Forum, vol.42, pp.287-289, 1991.

M. M. Long, V. J. King, K. U. Prasad, and D. W. Urry, Chemotaxis of ®broblasts toward nonapeptide of elastin, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, vol.968, pp.300-311, 1988.

M. Mammi, L. Gotte, and G. Pezzin, Evidence for order in the structure of a-elastin, Nature, vol.225, pp.371-373, 1968.

M. Mammi, L. Gotte, and G. Pezzin, Comparison of soluble and native elastin conformations by far-ultraviolet circular dichroism, Nature, vol.225, pp.380-381, 1970.

S. L. Martin, B. Vrhovski, and A. S. Weiss, Total synthesis and expression in Escherichia coli of a gene encoding human tropoelastin, Gene, vol.154, pp.159-166, 1995.

J. C. Mauch, L. B. Sandberg, P. J. Roos, F. Jimenez, A. M. Christiano et al., Extensive alternate exon usage at the 5 H end of the sheep tropoelastin gene, Matrix Biol, vol.14, pp.635-641, 1994.

C. Megret, V. Guantieri, A. Lamure, M. T. Pieraggi, C. Lacabanne et al., Phase transitions and chain dynamics, in the solid state, of a pentapeptide sequence of elastins, Int. J. Biol. Macromol, vol.14, pp.45-49, 1992.

C. Megret, A. Lamure, M. T. Pieraggi, C. Lacabanne, V. Guantieri et al., Solid-state studies on synthetic fragments and analogues of elastin, Int. J. Biol. Macromol, vol.15, pp.305-312, 1993.

W. N. O'connor, J. B. Davis, R. Geissler, C. M. Cottrill, J. A. Noonan et al., Supravalvular aortic stenosis: clinical and pathologic observations in six patients, Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med, vol.109, pp.179-185, 1985.

S. M. Partridge, H. F. Davies, and G. S. Adair, The chemistry of connective tissues. 2. Soluble protein derived from partial hydrolysis of elastin, Biochem. J, vol.61, pp.11-21, 1955.

S. M. Partridge, D. F. Elsden, and J. Thomas, Biosynthesis of the desmosine and isodesmosine crossbridges in elastin, Biochem J, vol.93, pp.30-33, 1964.

R. A. Pierce, S. B. Deak, C. A. Stolle, and C. D. Boyd, Heterogeneity of rat tropoelastin mRNA revealed by cDNA cloning, Biochemistry, vol.29, pp.9677-9683, 1990.

K. Raju and R. A. Anwar, Primary structures of bovine elastin a, b, and c deduced from the sequences of cDNA clones, J. Biol. Chem, vol.262, pp.5755-5762, 1987.

L. Robert and W. Hornebeck, Elastin and Elastases, vol.II, 1989.

L. Robert, M. P. Jacob, and T. , FuÈ loÈ p, Elastin in blood vessels, Ciba Found. Symp, vol.192, pp.286-303, 1995.

P. Roos, Y. Iwasaki, P. Davis, S. Baydano, and L. Sandberg, Post-translational modi®cation of elastin, Elastin and Elastic Tissue, pp.145-149, 1997.

J. Rosenbloom, W. R. Abrams, Z. Indik, H. Yeh, N. Ornstein-goldstein et al., Structure of the elastin gene, CIBA Found. Symp, vol.192, pp.59-80, 1995.

L. B. Sandberg, N. Weissman, and D. W. Smith, The puri®-cation and partial characterization of a soluble elastinlike protein from copper-de®cient porcine aorta, Biochemistry, vol.8, pp.2940-2945, 1969.

L. B. Sandberg, Hydroxylation of the pentapeptide VGVPG in ovine elastin, CIBA Found. Symp, vol.192, pp.51-58, 1995.

H. G. Schuster, Deterministic Chaos. An Introduction. VCH, 1995.

R. M. Senior, G. L. Grin, R. P. Mecham, D. S. Wrenn, K. U. Prasad et al., Val-Gly-Val-Ala-Pro-Gly, a repeating peptide in elastin, is chemotactic for ®broblasts and monocytes, J. Cell Biol, vol.99, pp.870-874, 1984.

A. H. Simmons, C. A. Michal, and L. W. Jelinski, Molecular orientation and two-component nature of the crystalline fraction of spider dragline silk, Science, vol.271, pp.84-87, 1996.

A. M. Tamburro, Elastin: molecular and supramolecular structure, Connective Tissue Research: Chemistry, Biology, and Physiology, pp.45-62, 1981.

A. M. Tamburro, The elastin structure(s, Advances in Biomedical Studies, vol.II, pp.135-143, 1996.

A. M. Tamburro, V. Guantieri, D. Daga-gordini, and G. Abatangelo, Concentration-dependent conformational transistion of a-elastin in aqueous solution, J. Biol. Chem, vol.253, pp.2893-2894, 1978.

A. M. Tamburro, V. Guantieri, and D. Daga-gordini, Human a-elastins: lipid-induced conformational changes, Int. J. Biol. Macromol, vol.4, pp.111-115, 1982.

A. M. Tamburro, V. Guantieri, L. Pandolfo, and A. Scopa, Synthetic fragments and analogues of elastin. II. Conformational studies, Biopolymers, vol.29, pp.855-870, 1990.

A. M. Tamburro, V. Guantieri, A. Scopa, and J. M. Drabble, Polypeptide models of elastin: CD and NMR studies on synthetic poly (X-Gly-Gly), vol.3, pp.318-323, 1991.

A. M. Tamburro, V. Guantieri, and D. Daga-gordini, Synthesis and structural studies of a pentapeptide sequence of elastin. Poly (Val-Gly-Gly-Leu-Gly), J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn, vol.10, pp.441-454, 1992.

A. M. Tamburro and V. Guantieri, Classical and fractal description of elastin structure, Ecological Physical Chemistry, pp.391-400, 1991.

M. Tassabehji, K. Metcalfe, D. Donnai, J. Hurst, W. Reardon et al., Elastin: genomic structure and point mutations in patients with supravalvular aortic stenosis, Hum. Mol. Genet, vol.6, pp.1029-1036, 1997.

J. Uitto, D. R. Olsen, M. J. Fazio, and J. Rosenbloom, Molecular pathology of elastin, Elastin: Chemical and Biological Aspects, pp.303-330, 1990.

D. W. Urry, Studies on the conformation and interactions of elastin, Adv. Exp. Med. Biol, vol.43, pp.211-243, 1974.

D. W. Urry, B. Starcher, and S. M. Partridge, Coacervation of solubilized elastin eects a notable conformational change, Nature, vol.222, pp.795-796, 1969.

D. W. Urry, Entropic elastic processes in protein mechanisms. I. Elastic structure due to an inverse temperature transition and elasticity due to internal chain dynamics, J. Protein Chem, vol.7, pp.1-34, 1988.

D. W. Urry, On the molecular structure, function and pathology of elastin: The Gotte stepping stone

. Tamburro, Elastin and Elastic Tissue, pp.11-22, 1997.

V. Villani and A. M. Tamburro, Improvements to the molecular dynamics simulated annealing procedures: conformational search of the elastin tetrapeptide Boc-Gly-Leu-Gly-Gly-NMe, J. Mol. Struct, vol.308, pp.141-157, 1994.

V. Villani and A. M. Tamburro, Conformational modeling of elastin tetrapeptide Boc-Gly-Leu-Gly-Gly-NMe by molecular dynamics simulations with improvements to the thermalization procedure, J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn, vol.12, pp.1173-1202, 1995.

V. Villani, L. D'alessio, A. M. Tamburro, ;. Villani, L. D'alessio et al., Contribution of Gly-X-Gly-Gly sequences to elastin elasticity. Development of the transition to chaos mechanism of elasticity, Conformational nonlinear dynamical behavior of the peptide Boc-Gly-Leu-Gly-Gly-NMe, vol.2, pp.2375-2385, 1997.

G. H. Walker and J. Ford, Amplitude instability and ergodic behavior for conservative nonlinear oscillator systems, Phys. Rev, vol.188, pp.416-432, 1969.

K. S. Wydner, J. L. Sechler, C. D. Boyd, and H. C. Passmore, Use of an intron length polymorphism to localize the tropoelastin gene to chromosome 5 in a region of linkage conservation with human chromosome 7, Genomics, vol.23, pp.125-131, 1994.

H. Yeh, N. Ornstein-goldstein, Z. Indik, P. Sheppard, N. Anderson et al., Sequence variation of bovine elastin mRNA due to alternative splicing, Collagen Relat. Res, vol.7, pp.235-247, 1987.