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Le calendrier comme norme

Abstract : My goal is to prove that the point of producing calendars is to impose a rhythm on a human group in order to regulate and even to control it religiously, socially and politically. Basing itself on the history of calendars, my paper will make it plain that priests and kings fought each other over the power to determine calendars. But what did this struggle mean? Why was the power to control calendar creation so coveted? These questions are correlated to the problem of the relation between calendars and time. Is time also a tool for imposing norms to a group? And even what is most intimately 'me' , the conditions of my life, my story and the unity of ego, are these also determined by social time and calendars? My awareness of time, isn't it also regulated by the social time of the group to which I belong and by calendars which indicate holidays, working days, summer and winter time? Time is individual, time is social, time is even universal to the extent that local times all over the world are distinguished in reference to the Greenwich Meridian, and yet this omnipresence and omnipotence of time, isn't it simply a construction?
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Véronique Le Ru. Le calendrier comme norme. Savoirs en Prisme, Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche sur les langues et la pensée (CIRLEP), 2013, Normes, marges, transgressions, pp.32-50. ⟨10.34929/sep.vi02.7⟩. ⟨hal-02483013⟩



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