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Peut-on se consoler en regardant les étoiles ?

Abstract : Lady Philosophy comes to the bedside of Boethius, a philosopher sentenced to death and emprisoned both literally and figuratively : his soul is forbidden to think about essential things and has got lost first in mundane affairs and then in misfortune. But gazing at the stars, for Boethius, is the first act of consolation, for it constitutes a meditation on essential things. With the advent of Descartes’ ideas in the seventeenth century, however, stargazing ceases to be a gateway to reflection or to admiration and becomes first and foremost an acquisition of knowledge. First, I study the manner in which Boethius considers stargazing to be the initial act of philosophical consolation. Second, I examine how Descartes shifts this perspective by positing stargazing as an edifying and informative act that orients the gazer’s admiration toward what is truly worthy of it, namely God. Third and at last, I study a possible return of the Boethian model of contemplation via Bachelard’s meditations on the starry sky.
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-02487038
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Submitted on : Friday, February 21, 2020 - 1:06:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 19, 2020 - 6:27:39 PM

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Véronique Le Ru. Peut-on se consoler en regardant les étoiles ?. Sophie Conte; Alicia Oïffer-Bomsel; María Elena Cantarino-Suñer. Boèce au fil du temps : son influence sur les lettres européennes du Moyen Âge à nos jours, Classiques Garnier, pp.561-572, 2019, Rencontres. Série Littératures antiques, ISSN 2607-5342, 978-2-406-08665-9. ⟨hal-02487038⟩

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