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Hygrothermal/UV Aging Effect on Visual Aspect and Mechanical Properties of Non-Woven Natural-Fiber Composites

Abstract : This work aims at studying the effect of hygrothermal and UV cyclic aging on the tensile properties and esthetic characteristics of non-woven composites. The composite materials were thermo-compressed from non-woven mats made up of PP and flax or kenaf fibers. This works included evaluating the change in color appearance and analyzing the variations in tensile properties and damage mechanisms, depending on the aging time. The presence of the UV protection film on the composite surface showed its effectiveness against aging. From visual observations and measurement of colorimetric parameters, it has been proved effective in the reduction of the bleaching and yellowing of the composites. As regards the tensile tests, the UV protection film enabled to stabilize the Young's modulus after 1-week aging for Kenaf/PP and after 3- weeks for Flax/PP. After 4-weeks aging, it halved the number of acoustic emission events related to interfacial decohesion and fiber slippage/pull out for Flax/PP and Kenaf/PP composites.
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-02497652
Contributor : Daniel Scida <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 3, 2020 - 6:31:13 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 4, 2020 - 1:34:20 AM

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Daniel Scida, Sébastien Alix, Stéphane Buet, El Hadi Saidane, Françis Courmont, et al.. Hygrothermal/UV Aging Effect on Visual Aspect and Mechanical Properties of Non-Woven Natural-Fiber Composites. Journal of Renewable Materials, Scrivener publishing, 2019, 7 (9), pp.865-875. ⟨10.32604/jrm.2019.06609⟩. ⟨hal-02497652⟩

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