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Empédocle, la Violence sacrificielle et la Grâce

Abstract : This paper is intended to examine the anthropological context of the vocabulary and the theological speech and ritual continuously used by Empedocles when he overthrows the traditional Olympian Pantheon. Contrary to what is often argued by those who attribute to Empedocles’ own conception the theological and ritual elements present in fragment 115, the goal is to show that these elements belong to the sacrificial economy attributed to Olympian religion and placed under the yoke of Necessity (Anagkè). On the sidelines of the Orphic and tragic thought of his time, which he puts into perspective, Empedocles would denounce especially the constitutive ambiguity of the Sacred and the Purification, which undermines the two instances that are the Alliance (Philotes) and the Quarrel (Neîkos) by making Violence and Grace (Charis) communicate in a way both ineluctable and unbearable for him. From the indications offered by fragments 30 and 116, a new approach of the Empedoclean Cycle is suggested and it gives way to the hypothesis of a non-sacrificial alternation, dedicated to the Charites.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 16, 2020 - 8:49:58 PM
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Anne Gabrièle Wersinger Taylor. Empédocle, la Violence sacrificielle et la Grâce. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale, Presses Universitaires de France, 2012, Empédocle. Les dieux, le sacrifice et la grâce, 75 (3), pp.379-402. ⟨10.3917/rmm.123.0379⟩. ⟨hal-02545240⟩



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