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Sortir de la guerre avec Machiavel : Hans Delbrück, Otto Baumgarten et la révolte des modérés contre l’ultranationalisme au tournant de l’année 1917

Abstract : As the USA join the allied forces against Germany in 1917, the German defeat appears more and more a real possibility. But the American intervention is preceded in Germany by the mobilization of the proponents of a negotiated peace. Led by the historian and editor of the Preußische Jahrbücher, Hans Delbrück, liberal academics and intellectuals organize an editorial counterattack to the propaganda of the nationalistic extremists. At the forefront of this fight: the liberal theologian Otto Baumgarten. The two books he publishes in 1916 and 1917, Politik und Moral und Das Echo der alldeutschen Bewegung in Amerika, give the key to the antinationalist campaign: using the reference to Machiavelli, Baumgarten argues in favor of a radical separation of politics and morals, effectively undermining the moral condemnation of the enemies that the ultranationalists use so often. Therefore, Baumgarten can reverse the patriotic argument and show that the real enemies of the German state are the unrelenting nationalists.
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-02782796
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 4, 2020 - 7:08:14 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 19, 2020 - 6:27:27 PM

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Christian E. Roques. Sortir de la guerre avec Machiavel : Hans Delbrück, Otto Baumgarten et la révolte des modérés contre l’ultranationalisme au tournant de l’année 1917. Revue d'Allemagne et des Pays de langue allemande, Société d'études allemandes, 2017, L’année 1917, entre ancien et nouveau monde, 49 (2), pp.285-300. ⟨10.4000/allemagne.569⟩. ⟨hal-02782796⟩

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