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De « pouff » à « pschitt » ! — de la blague et de la caricature politique sous la monarchie de juillet et après...

Abstract : The «blague» (humbug, send up) was born under Napoleon. This sort of deception, based on bragging or «puffing» became more and more widespread during the XIX th century, notably under the guise of political caricature, an art form that was to reach summits under the reign of King Louis-Philippe. The whole point of the «blague» is the shift of the opposition between truth and falsehood to that between fullness and emptiness. The political «blagueur» is less the hypocrite who canceals a presence than the buffoon who displays an absence. This is epitomized by the famous caricature of Louis-Philippe in the guise of a pear, full of emptiness as it were. Thus replacing the show by a mere appearance, a sham, an image that conveys nothing but itself the caricature, by means of the «blague», sounds the death knell of symbols. It opposes presence to transcendence and current events to history. But at the very moment it creates a vacuum, by means of the caricatural portrait, the «armes parlantes» (parodie coat of arms) it brings back to life the lost symbols, creates a memory of and by the caricature, it erects, facing the History Museum of Versailles, the «Museum of the People» - a living museum of a history which has become contemporary by now. No doubt, between the «puff» of Louis-Philippe's time and President Chirac's notorious «pschitt», the «blague» has taken a deep breath.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 7, 2022 - 5:15:00 PM
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Nathalie Preiss. De « pouff » à « pschitt » ! — de la blague et de la caricature politique sous la monarchie de juillet et après.... Romantisme : la revue du dix-neuvième siècle, Armand Colin, 2002, Blague et supercheries littéraires, 32 (116), pp.5-17. ⟨10.3406/roman.2002.1104⟩. ⟨hal-02904930⟩



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