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Subcutaneous and transcutaneous monitoring of murine hindlimb ischemia by in vivo Raman spectroscopy

Abstract : We have investigated the development of murine hindlimb ischemia from day 1 to day 55 after femoral artery ligation (FAL) using blood flow analysis, functional tests, histopathological staining, and in vivo Raman spectroscopy. FAL resulted in hindlimb blood deprivation and the loss of functionality as attested by the blood flow analysis and functional tests, respectively. The limbs recovered a normal circulation progressively without recovering complete functionality. Histological analysis showed changes in the morphology of muscle fibers with intense inflammation. From day 22 to day 55 post-ischemia, regeneration of the myofibers was observed. Raman spectroscopic results related to subcutaneous analysis made the identification of modification in the biochemical constituents of hindlimb muscles possible during disease progression. Ischemia was characterized by a quantitative increase in the lipid content and a decrease in the protein content. The lipid to protein ratio can be used as a spectroscopic marker to score the severity of ischemia. Multivariate statistical analysis PC-LDA (Principal Component-Linear Discriminant Analysis) was used to classify all the data measured for the normal and ischemic tissues. This classification illustrated an excellent separation between the control and ischemic tissues at any time during the course of ischemic development. In vivo Raman spectroscopy was then applied to assess the potential of this technique as a screening tool to explore an ischemic disease non-invasively (transcutaneously). For this purpose, the influence of skin on the diagnostic accuracy was evaluated; transcutaneous analysis revealed the accuracy of this technique, indicating its potential in the in situ monitoring of muscle structural changes during ischemia.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 9, 2020 - 9:31:01 AM
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Rida Al-Rifai, Claire Tournois, Samar Kheirallah, Nicole Bouland, Gaël Poitevin, et al.. Subcutaneous and transcutaneous monitoring of murine hindlimb ischemia by in vivo Raman spectroscopy. Analyst, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2019, 144 (15), pp.4677-4686. ⟨10.1039/c8an02449a⟩. ⟨hal-02934163⟩



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