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Journal Articles Microorganisms Year : 2021

Comparative Study of Eleven Mechanical Pretreatment Protocols for Cryptosporidium parvum DNA Extraction from Stool Samples

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Abstract

Nowadays, many commercial kits allow the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of Cryptosporidium deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in stool samples, the efficiency of which relies on the extraction method used. Mechanical pretreatment of the stools using grinding beads has been reported to greatly improve this extraction step. However, optimization of this key step remains to be carried out. Indeed, many parameters could influence the pretreatment performances, among which the modulation of the speed and duration of the grinding step, in addition to the physicochemical features of the grinding beads, have never been evaluated to date. In this study, eleven commercial mechanical pretreatment matrixes (Lysis matrix tubes®, MP Biomedical, Irvine, CA, USA) composed of beads with different sizes, shapes, and molecular compositions, were evaluated for their performances in improving Cryptosporidium parvum oocyst DNA extraction before amplification by using our routinely used real-time PCR method. As expected, the eleven commercial mechanical pretreatment matrixes showed varying performances depending on the composition, size, and shape. All in all, the best performances were obtained when using the Lysing matrix, including ceramic beads with a median size (diameter of 1.4 mm).
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hal-03152180 , version 1 (25-02-2021)

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Laure Claudel, Nicolas Valeix, Louise Basmaciyan, Bruno Pereira, Damien Costa, et al.. Comparative Study of Eleven Mechanical Pretreatment Protocols for Cryptosporidium parvum DNA Extraction from Stool Samples. Microorganisms, 2021, 9 (2), pp.297. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms9020297⟩. ⟨hal-03152180⟩
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