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Characteristic Pattern of IL-17RA, IL-17RB, and IL-17RC in Monocytes/Macrophages and Mast Cells From Patients With Bullous Pemphigoid

Abstract : Inflammation is largely implicated in bullous pemphigoid (BP), the most frequent skin auto-immune blistering disease. IL-17, essentially IL-17A/F, has been involved in blister formation through regulation of protease production, and its specific serum profile within BP was related to disease outcome. However, relationships between IL-17 family ligands and receptors are quite complex with six different IL-17 isoforms, and five different receptors. We here aimed at clarifying the contribution of the IL-17 axis in BP by characterizing not only the expression of IL-17 receptor (IL-17R) members within immune cells isolated from BP patients (PMNs, n = 9; T-lymphocytes, n = 10; and monocytes, n = 10) but also the expression of IL-17 isoforms in sera (n = 83), and blister fluid (n = 31) of BP patients. We showed that at diagnosis, IL-17RA and IL-17RC expression were significantly increased in monocytes isolated from BP patients as compared to those from control subjects (p = 0.006 and p = 0.016, respectively). Notably, both IL-17RA and IL-17RC mRNA expression remained elevated in BP monocytes at time of relapse. We further demonstrated a significant increase of all IL-17 isoforms tested in BP blister fluid compared with BP serum (IL-17A, p < 0.0001; IL-17A/F, p < 0.0001; IL-17B, p = 0.0023; IL-17C, p = 0.0022; IL-17E, p < 0.0001). Among all, IL-17B was the only cytokine for which a significant decreased concentration within blister fluid was observed in BP patients with severe disease compared to patients with moderate disease (p = 0.012). We further evidenced a significant negative correlation between IL-17B levels and blister/erosion BPDAI subscore (r = −0.52, p = 0.003). We finally identified mast cells as a potential target of IL-17B in lesional skin of BP patients. In conclusion, we showed here that IL-17RA and IL-17RC expression in monocyte was associated with disease activity and evidenced in situ a negative correlation between BP disease activity and IL-17B, whose effects could be mediated by IL-17RB expressed by mast cell in BP lesional skin
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Stéphane Nesmond, Céline Muller, Richard Le Naour, Manuelle Viguier, Philippe Bernard, et al.. Characteristic Pattern of IL-17RA, IL-17RB, and IL-17RC in Monocytes/Macrophages and Mast Cells From Patients With Bullous Pemphigoid. Frontiers in Immunology, Frontiers, 2019, 10, pp.2107. ⟨10.3389/fimmu.2019.02107⟩. ⟨hal-03185834⟩

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