Neuroinflammatory signaling in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne Access content directly
Journal Articles Current Neuropharmacology Year : 2021

Neuroinflammatory signaling in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease

Abstract

: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease characterized by the formation of intracellular neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and extracellular amyloid plaques. Growing evidence has suggested that AD pathogenesis is not only limited to the neuronal compartment but also strongly interacts with immunological processes in the brain. On the other hand, aggregated and misfolded proteins can bind with pattern recognition receptors located on astroglia and microglia and can in turn induce an innate immune response, characterized by the release of inflammatory mediators, ultimately playing a role in both the severity and the progression of the disease. It has been reported by genome-wide analysis that several genes which elevate the risk for sporadic AD encode for factors controlling the inflammatory response and glial clearance of misfolded proteins. Obesity and systemic inflammation are examples of external factors which may interfere with the immunological mechanisms of the brain and can induce disease progression. In this review, we discussed the mechanisms and essential role of inflammatory signaling pathways in AD pathogenesis. Indeed, interfering with immune processes and modulation of risk factors may lead to future therapeutic or preventive AD approaches.

Dates and versions

hal-03253266 , version 1 (08-06-2021)

Identifiers

Cite

Md. Sahab Uddin, Md. Tanvir Kabir, Maroua Jalouli, Md. Ataur Rahman, Philippe Jeandet, et al.. Neuroinflammatory signaling in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. Current Neuropharmacology, 2021, 20 (1), pp.126-146. ⟨10.2174/1570159X19666210826130210⟩. ⟨hal-03253266⟩

Collections

URCA RIBP
47 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More