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Evolution of the petrophysical properties of two types of Alsatian sandstone subjected to simulated freeze-thaw conditions

Abstract : Abstract Stone monuments in Alsace (eastern France) are built with two types of Buntsandstein sandstone (Lower Triassic). Their different pore structures cause them to have mixed petrophysical properties and occasion a different response to frost. To understand these differences, frost simulation experiments have been carried out on samples of both stones. Four series of 30 freeze-thaw cycles were reproduced on samples maintained at constant saturation, either total or partial, without drying or rewetting. Macroscopic and microscopic change due to frost was observed by scanning electronic microscope, by mercury porosimetry and P-wave velocity measurements. Change of tensile strength and capillary kinetics was also assessed before and after each series. Results demonstrate that frost action increases heterogeneity of the porous network particularly in the initially more heterogeneous sandstone. When saturation is partial, no macroscopic cracking occurs and capillary absorption decreases. When saturation is total, macroscopic cracking prevails over microscopic heterogeneity and capillary absorption increases. Control tests have also been carried out to evaluate the effects induced by absorption-drying cycles without frost, and dilation experiments have been added to assess freeze-thaw action on dilation of sandstones. The results of all these experiments demonstrate that frost plays a less decisive part in the weathering mechanisms of stones than wetting-drying.
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Contributor : Xavier Drothiere Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 28, 2021 - 11:27:16 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 6:59:26 PM

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C. Thomachot, D. Jeannette. Evolution of the petrophysical properties of two types of Alsatian sandstone subjected to simulated freeze-thaw conditions. The Geological Society, London, Special Publications, Geological Society of London, 2002, 205 (1), pp.19-32. ⟨10.1144/GSL.SP.2002.205.01.03⟩. ⟨hal-03303808⟩



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