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Blue mussel ( Mytilus edulis )—A bioindicator of marine water contamination by protozoa: Laboratory and in situ approaches

Abstract : Aims: The protozoan parasites Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis and Toxoplasma gondii are identified as public health priorities and are present in a wide variety of environments including the marine ecosystem. The objective of this study was to demonstrate that the marine bivalve blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) can be used as a tool to monitor the contamination of marine waters by the three protozoa over time. Methods and Results: In order to achieve a proof of concept, mussels were exposed to three concentrations of G. duodenalis cysts and Cryptosporidium parvum/T. gondii oocysts for 21 days, followed by 21 days of depuration in clear water. Then, natural contamination by these protozoa was sought for in wild marine blue mussels along the northwest coast of France to validate their relevance as bioindicators in the field. Our results highlighted that: (a) blue mussels bioaccumulated the parasites for 21 days, according to the conditions of exposure, and parasites could still be detected during the depuration period (until 21 days); (b) the percentage of protozoa-positive M. edulis varied under the degree of protozoan contamination in water; (c) mussel samples from eight out of nine in situ sites were positive for at least one of the protozoa. Conclusions: The blue mussel M. edulis can bioaccumulate protozoan parasites over long time periods, according to the degree of contamination of waters they are inhabiting, and can highlight recent but also past contaminations (at least 21 days). Significance and Impact of the Study: Mytilus edulis is a relevant bioaccumulators of protozoan (oo)cysts in laboratory and field conditions, hence its potential use for monitoring parasite contamination in marine waters.
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Contributor : Laurence Dubois Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, July 29, 2021 - 11:37:16 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 11:40:02 AM



Aurélie Bigot‐clivot, Stéphanie La Carbona, Catherine Cazeaux, Loïc Durand, Elodie Géba, et al.. Blue mussel ( Mytilus edulis )—A bioindicator of marine water contamination by protozoa: Laboratory and in situ approaches. Journal of Applied Microbiology, Wiley, 2021, ⟨10.1111/jam.15185⟩. ⟨hal-03306585⟩



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