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Les forces vives de la formation de l’esprit scientifique

Abstract : From 1686 to 1758, i.e. during more than sixty years, the most eminent scientists of the time, Emilie Du Châtelet (1706-1749) among them, took part in the debate about dynamic forces ; should the force be measured by the product of mass and speed (mv or motion amount) or by the product of the mass and the square of the speed (mv2) ? It is important to note that the dispute, far from being a mere question of words, to which D’Alembert tries to reduce it, is first of all a debate on founding principles and derived principles : which are the founding principles, and which are secondary ? Our purpose is to show that D’Alembert, in the way he tries to foreclose the debate, has been deeply influenced and intellectually shaped by Emilie Du Châtelet’s reflections on physics, primarily the ones she develops in Institutions de Physique (1740).
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-03326999
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 26, 2021 - 5:57:47 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 27, 2021 - 10:49:10 AM

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Véronique Le Ru. Les forces vives de la formation de l’esprit scientifique. Diogène : Revue internationale des sciences humaines, Presses universitaires de France, 2021, n° 269-270 (1), pp.65-80. ⟨10.3917/dio.269.0065⟩. ⟨hal-03326999⟩

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