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Carbamylation and glycation compete for collagen molecular aging in vivo

Abstract : Tissue aging is a complex phenomenon involving molecular aging of matrix proteins, which mainly results from their progressive alteration by nonenzymatic post-translational modifications (NEPTMs) such as glycation and carbamylation. These two reactions, which correspond to the binding of reactive metabolites ( i.e . reducing sugars and urea-derived cyanate, respectively) on amino groups of proteins, occur during aging and are amplified in various chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus or chronic renal disease (CKD). Since these reactions target the same functional groups, they can reciprocally compete for protein modification. Determining which NEPTM is predominant in tissues is necessary to better understand their role in the development of long-term complications of chronic diseases. For that purpose, two different murine models were used for reproducing such a competitive context: a CKD-diabetic mice model and a cyanate-consuming mice model. The competition has been evaluated by quantifying glycation and carbamylation products by LC-MS/MS in skin and aorta total extracts as well as in skin type I collagen. The results showed that the simultaneous enhancement of glycation and carbamylation reactions resulted in a decrease of the formation of glycation products (especially Amadori products) whereas the concentrations of homocitrulline, a carbamylation product, remained similar. These results, which have been obtained in both tissues and in purified skin type I collagen, suggest that carbamylation takes precedence over glycation for the modification of tissue proteins, but only in pathological conditions favouring these two NEPTMs. While glycation has been considered for a long time the predominant NEPTM of matrix proteins, carbamylation seems to also play an important role in tissue aging. The existence of competition between these NEPTMs must be taken into account to better understand the consequences of molecular aging of matrix proteins in tissue aging.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 28, 2021 - 10:00:45 AM
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Camille Nicolas, Stéphane Jaisson, Laëtitia Gorisse, Frédéric Tessier, Céline Niquet-Léridon, et al.. Carbamylation and glycation compete for collagen molecular aging in vivo. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 9 (1), pp.18291. ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-54817-4⟩. ⟨hal-03406830⟩

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