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Association between host species choice and morphological characters of main sensory structures of Culicoides in the Palaeartic region

Abstract : Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) serve as vectors of several mammalian and avian diseases, including bluetongue, Schmallenberg, African horse sickness, avian malaria and Oropouche. Host preference investigations are necessary to assess the transmission routes of vector-borne diseases and to inform mitigation strategies. A recent study examining the main sensory structures (palps and antennae) of Culicoides species suggests that they be classified as ornithophilic or mammalophilic according to their feeding habits. We analyzed Culicoides host preferences according to the literature and carried out a multiple correspondence analysis linking these preferences with morphological data. Seven out of 12 variables were found to be reliable predictors of host preference in Culicoides species: Antenna Flagellomer-Sensilla Coeloconica-Number: (7–10) and (11–13); Antenna Flagellomer-Sensilla Coeloconica IV–X: presence; Palpus-size: wide and/or narrow opening and shallow pit; Palpus-Shape: strongly swollen; Antenna-Short sensilla trichodea-distal part segment IV to X-Number: 2 seta each. Our results demonstrate that the presence of sensilla coeloconica and the maxillary palpus can be used to separate ornithophilic and mammalophilic or ornithophilic/mammalophilic species.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 28, 2021 - 10:56:56 AM
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Denis Augot, Leila Hadj-Henni, Stavana Strutz, Darine Slama, Christine Millot, et al.. Association between host species choice and morphological characters of main sensory structures of Culicoides in the Palaeartic region. PeerJ, PeerJ, 2017, 5, pp.e3478. ⟨10.7717/peerj.3478⟩. ⟨hal-03406960⟩

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