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Renaissance et modernité

Abstract : The term “Renaissance” designates today the myth of the so-called moment of perfection of the European civilization between the barbarity attributed to the Middle Ages and the rest of the world, and the decline, attributed to Counter-reformist and baroque age of the seventeenth century. This is actually an ideological reconstruction elaborated by scholars of the XIX century on the basis of a concept invented by Vasari. In the teleological, deterministical perspective of the progress of humankind, Renaissance was conceived as a foundational stage in this progress that prefigurated Modernity, that modernity of those who studied it. In fact, in reality, Renaissance, as defined stricto sensu, was an intellectual, artistic and spiritual movement with a modernity that reflected its own time, a paradoxical modernity based on the return to the past; a “rebirth” of beauty of the ancient people and of the word of Jesus Christ. That modernity does not hold any resemblance with our own. We study Renaissance today as historians who are interested in fractures and differences.
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Jean Balsamo. Renaissance et modernité. Studi Giraldiani, University of Messina, 2019, V, pp.33-53. ⟨10.6092/2421-4191/2019.5.33-53⟩. ⟨hal-03425957⟩

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