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Innovative One-Shot Paradigm to Tune Filler–Polymer Matrix Interface Properties by Plasma Polymer Coating in Osteosynthesis Applications

Abstract : The present study aims to improve the interfacial bonding between hydroxyapatite particles (HAs) and polylactide (PLA) to enhance the mechanical performance and biocompatibility of bone implants based on HA/PLA. For this, one-shot surface functionalization of HA via plasma polymerization is developed. Taking advantage of acetylene plasma chemistry, the hydrophobicity of HA particles was finely tuned prior to their introduction into a PLA matrix via an extrusion process. The effect of the plasma power (20 or 100 W) on the composition of the plasma polymer film (PPF) formed on the HA surface was studied via Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The amount of PPF formed was evaluated via thermogravimetric analyses (TGA). Cytotoxicity of the modified HA particles was monitored by the WST-1 proliferation assay and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and showed that independent on the studied conditions, cell viability remained above the 70% threshold and LDH accumulation changes were insignificant, suggesting good biocompatibility. Contact angle measurements and morphological and rheological analyses showed that the low working power promoted more hydrophobic surfaces and a better HA/PLA interface. Dynamic mechanical analyses revealed that the storage modulus at 37°C increased for the composite containing functionalized particles by 1.5 times compared to the neat particle's composites. This work opens a route toward further one-shot development of improved scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-03429596
Contributor : Marius Colin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, November 18, 2021 - 4:44:18 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 25, 2022 - 2:38:34 PM

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Xavier Carette, Laeticia Dhond, Axel Hemberg, Damien Thiry, Rosica Mincheva, et al.. Innovative One-Shot Paradigm to Tune Filler–Polymer Matrix Interface Properties by Plasma Polymer Coating in Osteosynthesis Applications. ACS Applied Bio Materials, ACS Publications, 2021, 4, pp.3067 - 3078. ⟨10.1021/acsabm.0c01429⟩. ⟨hal-03429596⟩

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