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Response of different grapevine cultivars to infection by Lasiodiplodia theobromae and Lasiodiplodia mediterranea

Abstract : Botryosphaeria dieback is a grapevine trunk disease that affects all viticulture regions of the world. Species of the genus Lasiodiplodia have been reported as pathogenic towards grapevine in several growing regions and have also been previously reported from Portuguese vineyards. Species in this genus, particularly Lasiodiplodia theobromae, have been reported on previous studies to be more aggressive than other Botryosphaeriaceae species most commonly associated with Botryosphaeria dieback. The aim of this study was to assess the response of some of the more representative cultivars planted throughout Portuguese vineyards, Touriga Nacional, Touriga Franca, Alvarinho, Aragonez (=Tempranillo) and Cabernet Sauvignon, by performing artificial inoculations with Lasiodiplodia spp. collected in different geographic locations worldwide. Two experiments, one by inoculating two-year-old grapevines kept on a greenhouse-controlled conditions with six isolates of L. theobromae and one isolate of L. mediterranea and other by inoculating seven-year-old field grown grapevines with two isolates of L. theobromae, were conducted twice. Response of the cultivars was assessed by evaluating the lesion length caused by the isolates under study, five months after inoculation. The results showed that all isolates studied were able to infect the annual shoots since they were always re-isolated and produced internal wood discoloration. Significant differences were found for all isolate/cultivar combinations. For both experiments, Touriga Nacional showed the largest lesions while Aragonez recorded the smallest lesions amongst the whole lot of cultivars inoculated with Lasiodiplodia spp.. In general, Portuguese isolates were more aggressive than those from Peru, which demonstrated to be mildly aggressive. These results give a first insight on the response of selected Portuguese cultivars to Lasiodiplodia species, which are present in Portugal, but not commonly associated with Botryosphaeria dieback. This contributes to improve knowledge of the impact that Botryosphaeria dieback causal agents have on crucial national cultivars, which may help winegrowers not only to manage current cultural practices, but also to optimize decision making when planning the establishment of new vineyards.
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-03472744
Contributor : Isabelle Roberrini Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, December 9, 2021 - 3:01:29 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 25, 2022 - 2:45:46 PM

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Pedro Reis, Ana Gaspar, Artur Alves, Florence Fontaine, Cecilia Rego. Response of different grapevine cultivars to infection by Lasiodiplodia theobromae and Lasiodiplodia mediterranea. Plant Disease, American Phytopathological Society, 2021, ⟨10.1094/PDIS-05-21-0941-RE⟩. ⟨hal-03472744⟩

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