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A crusade against the curve? Physical education for disabled pupils in France after World War II (1945–1958)

Abstract : This article explores a specific physical rehabilitation in French schooling after the Second World War. To this end, it analyses how, in concepts and as the result of data-derived information, pupils considered as “weak” physically speaking were taken care of by the school and especially how the actors of the physical education (PE) system got together to make a cultural offer in line with what were considered to be their needs and aptitudes. Indeed, after a meticulous summary of some of their body measurements and physical displays, the pupils are thus classified into groups where they were taught a kind of PE, considered as the most appropriate to their needs. The paper also focuses on how, during a particular social and political context, the school developed corrective gymnastics as an original pedagogy for disabled pupils of the third group who were to be taught in a new location, the physical rehabilitation centres
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-03564987
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 10, 2022 - 4:58:19 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 12, 2022 - 4:46:05 PM

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Tony Froissart, Yacine Tajri, Jean Saint-Martin. A crusade against the curve? Physical education for disabled pupils in France after World War II (1945–1958). Paedagogica Historica, International Journal of the History of Education , Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2020, 56 (4), pp.520-534. ⟨10.1080/00309230.2019.1622576⟩. ⟨hal-03564987⟩

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