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Cationic Curing of Epoxy–Aromatic Matrices for Advanced Composites: The Assets of Radiation Processing

Abstract : Cross-linking polymerization of multifunctional aromatic monomers initiated by exposure to high energy radiation continues to be explored as a promising alternative to thermal curing for the production of high-performance composite materials. High-energy radiation processing offers several advantages over thermosetting technology by allowing for fast and out-of-autoclave curing operations and for its adaptability in the manufacturing of large and complex structures at reduced energy costs. The present article covers the basic aspects of radiation curing by cationic polymerization of epoxy resins, providing a status report on recent investigations conducted in our group to improve the properties of epoxy matrices and gain better control over the process for producing composites. A selection of results based on blends prepared with different composition of epoxy aromatics, transfer agents, thermoplastic toughening agents and onium salt initiators exemplifies the importance of the composition on polymerization kinetics and on the properties of resulting materials. The superiority of radiation-triggered polymerization-induced phase separation of thermoplastic additives is emphasized by the obtained morphology of toughened materials. The low initial temperature and fast curing of the reactive blends limits the expansion of phase-separated thermoplastic domains, resulting in an enhancement of the toughness.
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Contributor : Gabriela Tataru Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, February 24, 2022 - 8:14:11 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 25, 2022 - 11:46:33 AM

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Guillaume Ranoux, Gabriela Tataru, Xavier Coqueret. Cationic Curing of Epoxy–Aromatic Matrices for Advanced Composites: The Assets of Radiation Processing. Applied Sciences, MDPI, 2022, 12 (5), pp.2355. ⟨10.3390/app12052355⟩. ⟨hal-03588455⟩



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