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Les droits des particuliers sur les domaines impériaux. Réflexions à partir du Code Théodosien

Abstract : The legal characterisation of individual rights in imperial domains differs between the two sides of the Empire and this may explain the rise of ius emphyteuticum and the decline of ius perpetuum in the East, as well as the survival of the latter in the West. In the East, the particular nature of ius emphyteuticum could have been established well before emperor Zeno first defined ius emphyteuticum as being a ius tertium that does not derive from a locatio conductio or an alienatio. Earlier to Zeno, the emphyteuticarius is called conductor with respect to his contractual relationships with the Emperor. The emphyteuticum lease confers a specific right – the ius emphyteuticum – distinct from the dominium. In the West, no such distinction exists between ius emphyteuticum and dominium. The emphyteuticarius owns an autonomous dominium, beside the superior dominium of the Emperor. Thus, in the West, the risk of confusion between ius perpetuum and dominium is not considered as a relevant matter as in the East. Therefore, ius perpetuum is still used in the West and the perpetuarius’subjection to the emperor is only evidenced by the payment of an annual fee.
Mots-clés : Droit romain
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-03615595
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Submitted on : Monday, March 21, 2022 - 4:18:57 PM
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Aude Laquerrière-Lacroix. Les droits des particuliers sur les domaines impériaux. Réflexions à partir du Code Théodosien. Syvlie Crogiez-Pétrequin et Pierre Jaillette (dir.). Société, économie, administration dans le Code Théodosien, Presses universitaires du Septentrion, pp.311-328, 2012, Histoire et civilisations, 9782757421734. ⟨10.4000/books.septentrion.48503⟩. ⟨hal-03615595⟩

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