Identification and Characterization of Fungal Pathogens Causing Trunk and Branch Cankers of Almond Trees in Morocco - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Agronomy Year : 2023

Identification and Characterization of Fungal Pathogens Causing Trunk and Branch Cankers of Almond Trees in Morocco

, , , , , , , , , , (1) ,
1
Khadija Goura
Rachid Lahlali
Ouafaa Bouchane
  • Function : Author
Mohammed Baala
  • Function : Author
Nabil Radouane
Jihane Kenfaoui
Said Ezrari
Hajar El Hamss
Nabila El El Alami
Said Amiri
  • Function : Author
Abdessalem Tahiri
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Canker symptoms were observed on almond trees in the Fez-Meknes region, Morocco. Isolations were conducted from the infected branch and trunk showing internal and external brown lesions. Four representative fungal isolates were screened, and their identities were confirmed by cultural traits and sequence analysis of DNA using two genes, the ITS region (internal transcribed spacer) and calmodulin (cmdA). The identified fungi were Curvularia hawaiiensis, Fusarium ambrosium, Lasiodiplodia theobromae, and Chondrestereum purpureum. The pathogenicity test on almond twigs revealed that these species were pathogenic to their host with different degrees of virulence, with Lasiodiplodia theobromae as the most virulent causing the longest necrotic lesion (285.17 mm) and the death of twigs. Physiological traits analysis of the above-mentioned fungi showed that the optimum mycelium growth response at different temperatures varies from 10 to 35 °C, while the pH ranges between 3.0 and 8.0. This study confirms the presence of canker pathogens on almond trees, which will contribute valuable information to improve the understanding of the contemporary status of almond trees, thus helping the improvement of the management of almond orchards. To our knowledge, all these fungi represent new records in Morocco and some of them are confirmed on the almond trees for the first time in the world.

Dates and versions

Identifiers

Cite

Khadija Goura, Rachid Lahlali, Ouafaa Bouchane, Mohammed Baala, Nabil Radouane, et al.. Identification and Characterization of Fungal Pathogens Causing Trunk and Branch Cankers of Almond Trees in Morocco. Agronomy, 2023, 13 (1), pp.130. ⟨10.3390/agronomy13010130⟩. ⟨hal-03923893⟩
0 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More