Approaching prosthesis infection environment: Development of an innovative in vitro Staphylococcus aureus biofilm model - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne Access content directly
Journal Articles Biofilm Year : 2023

Approaching prosthesis infection environment: Development of an innovative in vitro Staphylococcus aureus biofilm model

Abstract

The major role and implication of bacterial biofilms in the case of bone and prosthesis infections have been highlighted and often linked to implant colonization. Management strategies of these difficult-to-treat infections consist in surgeries and antibiotic treatment, but the rate of relapse remains high, especially if Staphylococcus aureus, a high-virulent pathogen, is involved. Therapeutic approaches are not adapted to the specific features of biofilm in bone context whereas infectious environment is known to importantly influence biofilm structure. In the present study, we aim to characterize S. aureus SH1000 (methicillin-sensitive strain, MSSA) and USA300 (methicillin-resistant strain, MRSA) biofilm on different surfaces mimicking the periprosthetic environment. As expected, protein adsorption on titanium enhanced the number of adherent bacteria for both strains. On bone explant, USA300 adhered more than SH1000. The simultaneous presence of two different surfaces was also found to change the bacterial behaviour. Thus, proteins adsorption on titanium and bone samples (from bank or directly recovered after an arthroplasty) were found to be key parameters that influence S. aureus biofilm formation: adhesion, matrix production and biofilm-related gene regulation. These results highlighted the need for new biofilm models, more relevant with the infectious environment by using adapted culture medium and presence of surfaces that are representative of in situ conditions to better evaluate therapeutic strategies against biofilm.

Domains

Bacteriology
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Dates and versions

hal-04080057 , version 1 (24-04-2023)

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Fabien Lamret, Anaïs Lemaire, Manon Lagoutte, Jennifer Varin-Simon, Laura Abraham, et al.. Approaching prosthesis infection environment: Development of an innovative in vitro Staphylococcus aureus biofilm model. Biofilm, 2023, 5, ⟨10.1016/j.bioflm.2023.100120⟩. ⟨hal-04080057⟩

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