Botryosphaeriaceae gene machinery: Correlation between diversity and virulence - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne Access content directly
Journal Articles Fungal Biology Year : 2023

Botryosphaeriaceae gene machinery: Correlation between diversity and virulence

Abstract

The Botryosphaeriaceae family comprises numerous fungal pathogens capable of causing economically meaningful diseases in a wide range of crops. Many of its members can live as endophytes and turn into aggressive pathogens following the onset of environmental stress events. Their ability to cause disease may rely on the production of a broad set of effectors, such as cell wall-degrading enzymes, secondary metabolites, and peptidases. Here, we conducted comparative analyses of 41 genomes representing six Botryosphaeriaceae genera to provide insights into the genetic features linked to pathogenicity and virulence. We show that these Botryosphaeriaceae genomes possess a large diversity of carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes; 128 families) and peptidases (45 families). Botryosphaeria, Neofusicoccum, and Lasiodiplodia presented the highest number of genes encoding CAZymes involved in the degradation of the plant cell wall components. The genus Botryosphaeria also exhibited the highest abundance of secreted CAZymes and peptidases. Generally, the secondary metabolites gene cluster profile was consistent in the Botryosphaeriaceae family, except for Diplodia and Neoscytalidium. At the strain level, Neofusicoccum parvum NpBt67 stood out among all the Botryosphaeriaceae genomes, presenting a higher number of secretome constituents. In contrast, the Diplodia strains showed the lowest richness of the pathogenicity- and virulence-related genes, which may correlate with their low virulence reported in previous studies. Overall, these results contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying pathogenicity and virulence in remarkable Botryosphaeriaceae species. Our results also support that Botryosphaeriaceae species could be used as an interesting biotechnological tool for lignocellulose fractionation and bioeconomy.
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Dates and versions

hal-04087201 , version 1 (03-05-2023)

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Marie Belair, Julián Restrepo-Leal, Coraline Praz, Florence Fontaine, Caroline Rémond, et al.. Botryosphaeriaceae gene machinery: Correlation between diversity and virulence. Fungal Biology, 2023, 127 (5), pp.1010-1031. ⟨10.1016/j.funbio.2023.03.004⟩. ⟨hal-04087201⟩
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