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Journal Articles European Respiratory Review Year : 2023

Airway ciliated cells in adult lung homeostasis and COPD

Abstract

Cilia are organelles emanating from the cell surface, consisting of an axoneme of microtubules that extends from a basal body derived from the centrioles. They are either isolated and nonmotile (primary cilia), or grouped and motile (motile cilia). Cilia are at the centre of fundamental sensory processes and are involved in a wide range of human disorders. Pulmonary cilia include motile cilia lining the epithelial cells of the conductive airways to orchestrate mucociliary clearance, and primary cilia found on nondifferentiated epithelial and mesenchymal cells acting as sensors and cell cycle keepers. Whereas cilia are essential along the airways, their regulatory molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood, resulting in a lack of therapeutic strategies targeting their structure or functions. This review summarises the current knowledge on cilia in the context of lung homeostasis and COPD to provide a comprehensive overview of the (patho)biology of cilia in respiratory medicine with a particular emphasis on COPD.
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Dates and versions

hal-04339904 , version 1 (13-12-2023)

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Laure M.G. Petit, Randa Belgacemi, Julien Ancel, Lynda Saber Cherif, Myriam Polette, et al.. Airway ciliated cells in adult lung homeostasis and COPD. European Respiratory Review, 2023, 32 (170), pp.230106. ⟨10.1183/16000617.0106-2023⟩. ⟨hal-04339904⟩

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