Elastin-derived peptides favor type 2 innate lymphoid cells in COPD - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne Access content directly
Journal Articles American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology Year : 2024

Elastin-derived peptides favor type 2 innate lymphoid cells in COPD

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a condition characterized by chronic airway inflammation and obstruction, primarily caused by tobacco smoking. Although the involvement of immune cells in COPD pathogenesis is well established, the contribution of innate lymphoid cells (ILC) remains poorly understood. ILC are a type of innate immune cells that participate in tissue remodeling processes, but their specific role in COPD has not been fully elucidated. During COPD, the breakdown of pulmonary elastin generates elastin peptides that elicit biological activities on immune cells. This study aimed to investigate the presence of ILC in COPD patients and examine the impact of elastin peptides on their functionality. Our findings revealed an elevated proportion of ILC2 in the peripheral blood of COPD patients, and a general activation of ILC as indicated by an increase in their cytokine secretion capacity. Notably, our study demonstrated that serum from COPD patients promotes ILC2 phenotype, likely due to the elevated concentration of IL-5, a cytokine known to favor ILC2 activation. Furthermore, we uncovered that this increase in IL-5 secretion is partially attributed to its secretion by macrophages upon stimulation by elastin peptides, suggesting an indirect role of elastin peptides on ILC in COPD. These findings shed light on the involvement of ILC in COPD and provide insights into the potential interplay between elastin breakdown, immune cells, and disease progression. Further understanding of the mechanisms underlying ILC activation and their interaction with elastin peptides could contribute to the development of novel therapeutic strategies for COPD management.

Dates and versions

hal-04575914 , version 1 (15-05-2024)

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Sarah Lahire, Caroline Fichel, Océane Rubaszewski, Cédric Lereverend, Sandra Audonnet, et al.. Elastin-derived peptides favor type 2 innate lymphoid cells in COPD. American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, 2024, ⟨10.1152/ajplung.00306.2023⟩. ⟨hal-04575914⟩
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