HPV-driven oropharyngeal cancer burden in Paris and its region (ILE DE FRANCE) from 1981 TO 2021 - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne Access content directly
Journal Articles Cancer Epidemiology Year : 2024

HPV-driven oropharyngeal cancer burden in Paris and its region (ILE DE FRANCE) from 1981 TO 2021

Haitham Mirghani
  • Function : Author
Alexandre Tendron
  • Function : Author
Anne Auperin
  • Function : Author
Odile Casiraghi
  • Function : Author
Marion Classe
  • Function : Author
Cécile Badoual
  • Function : Author
Clémence Legoupil
  • Function : Author
Julien Puech
  • Function : Author
David Veyer
  • Function : Author
Hélène Pere
  • Function : Author
Philippe Gorphe
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Background: France has the sixth highest incidence of oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) in Europe, but the epidemiological impact of high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) remains poorly documented. The objective of our study was to assess the proportion of OPCs caused by HR-HPV in Paris, and its suburbs, over the four past decades. This area accounts for almost one-fifth of the total population of France. Methods: OPCs diagnosed in 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 and 2020/2021 in two of the main referral cancer centers for HNCs in Paris and its suburbs were retrieved from the tumor biobanks. HPV status was determined by p16-staining and HPV-DNA detection. Samples were considered HPV-driven if both assays were positive. Results were compared to the French cancer registry data. Results: Samples from 697 OPC patients were assessed (including 82 % of all samples diagnosed in 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016, 2021). The proportion of HPV-driven cases rose from 2.7 % to 53 % between 1981 and 2021. HPV16 was the dominant genotype during the study period. Of patients with HPV-driven OPC, 81 % were male and 42 % were smokers versus 80 % and 92 % in their HPV-negative counterparts. The age of OPC patients increased significantly, during the study period, independent of their HPV status CONCLUSION: The proportion of HPV-driven OPCs has significantly increased in Paris and its suburbs, during the last four decades. OPCs has become the 2nd predominant type of head and neck cancer, in France. This may be linked to the rise in HPV-driven cases and the decrease of tobacco and alcohol consumption in men.
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Dates and versions

hal-04633204 , version 1 (03-07-2024)

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Haitham Mirghani, Alexandre Tendron, Anne Auperin, Odile Casiraghi, Marion Classe, et al.. HPV-driven oropharyngeal cancer burden in Paris and its region (ILE DE FRANCE) from 1981 TO 2021. Cancer Epidemiology, 2024, 91, pp.102603. ⟨10.1016/j.canep.2024.102603⟩. ⟨hal-04633204⟩

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