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Les prépositions : vers une classification sémantique des verbes de l'anglais contemporain en fonction des prépositions qu'ils régissent

Abstract : This dissertation attempts to reveal the syntactic bases of a semantic classification of English verbs focusing upon "Verb + Preposition" constructions due to the potential for considering prepositions as efficient interfaces between syntax and semantics. Given the specificity of the English language, the immediate problem was that of distinguishing between prepositions and adverbial particles, both entities being likely to appear after the verb. Syntax given pride of place in this study, a method allowing the isolation of prepositions according to syntactic criteria was developed. Once achieved, the corpus was thus constituted and used to refine the description of the prepositions' syntactic properties. In this, use was made of J.-C. Milner's concepts of positions, sites and places, adapted when necessary in the process. This study revealed several types of "Verb + Preposition" constructions, thus allowing certain additions to F.R. Palmer's study. Types of prepositions were subsequently brought to light and applied to the class of English verbs - starting with the predicative uses of prepositions and what B. Levin called Verbs of Motion. It was thus possible to (i) reveal a correlation between fine syntactic properties of constructions and semantic classes; (ii) reassess B. Levin's verb classes; and (iii) propose a tentative organisation of the English verbal lexicon. The results of this study will, hopefully, encourage further research in the field of "the semantics of syntax" as well as in that of developing its didactic applications.
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Cécile Brion. Les prépositions : vers une classification sémantique des verbes de l'anglais contemporain en fonction des prépositions qu'ils régissent. Linguistique. Université de Reims Champagne Ardenne (URCA), 2004. Français. ⟨NNT : 2005REIML001⟩. ⟨tel-02746676⟩



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