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Les gouverneurs des îles d'Amérique sous tutelle française (1625-1664) : l’exercice du gouvernement aux Antilles, des premières implantations françaises à la création de la Compagnie des Indes occidentales

Abstract : During the sixteenth century, the Iberian hegemony over the New World is questioned by the other European powers who gradually insinuated themselves on the margins of the Hispanic empire to trade there, but also to ensure its domination.After a long process of frequentation and control of the Caribbean area, the French settled permanently in the Lesser Antilles from 1625. These first settlements are the result of a few adventurers, whose initiatives are legitimized by the royal power, supported and financed by commercial companies from which they obtain government offices, before emancipating themselves from it.In a context marked by the opposition of the Caribbean Indians, combined with that of other rival European powers, the numerical weakness of the French, the insufficiency of the financial and human support from the mainland, as well as the geographical distance, push these first governors to a progressive emancipation, until the takeover by the monarchy with the creation of the Compagnie des Indes occidentales in 1664. Through its prosopographic approach, the study of the beneficiaries of these commissions of governors to the islands sheds light on this period little studied by historical research and for which the available sources are rare and scattered. Finally, the aim of this research paper is to establish, for the various islands concerned, the arrangements for accession to governments, management methods and individual and family trajectories during this period of experimentation, Founder of the French colonial model in the Caribbean islands.
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/tel-03707122
Contributor : Jérôme Jue Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 28, 2022 - 12:01:06 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 30, 2022 - 10:51:19 AM

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Jérôme Jue. Les gouverneurs des îles d'Amérique sous tutelle française (1625-1664) : l’exercice du gouvernement aux Antilles, des premières implantations françaises à la création de la Compagnie des Indes occidentales. Histoire. Ecole doctorale Sciences de l'homme et de la société (Reims, Marne), 2021. Français. ⟨tel-03707122⟩

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