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Deep generative models for galaxy image simulations

Abstract : ABSTRACT Image simulations are essential tools for preparing and validating the analysis of current and future wide-field optical surveys. However, the galaxy models used as the basis for these simulations are typically limited to simple parametric light profiles, or use a fairly limited amount of available space-based data. In this work, we propose a methodology based on deep generative models to create complex models of galaxy morphologies that may meet the image simulation needs of upcoming surveys. We address the technical challenges associated with learning this morphology model from noisy and point spread function (PSF)-convolved images by building a hybrid Deep Learning/physical Bayesian hierarchical model for observed images, explicitly accounting for the PSF and noise properties. The generative model is further made conditional on physical galaxy parameters, to allow for sampling new light profiles from specific galaxy populations. We demonstrate our ability to train and sample from such a model on galaxy postage stamps from the HST/ACS COSMOS survey, and validate the quality of the model using a range of second- and higher order morphology statistics. Using this set of statistics, we demonstrate significantly more realistic morphologies using these deep generative models compared to conventional parametric models. To help make these generative models practical tools for the community, we introduce galsim-hub, a community-driven repository of generative models, and a framework for incorporating generative models within the galsim image simulation software.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03451832
Contributor : Francois Lanusse Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, June 17, 2022 - 12:22:23 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 12:01:32 PM

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François Lanusse, Rachel Mandelbaum, Siamak Ravanbakhsh, Chun-Liang Li, Peter Freeman, et al.. Deep generative models for galaxy image simulations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2021, 504 (4), pp.5543-5555. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stab1214⟩. ⟨hal-03451832⟩

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