Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

A3COSMOS: A census on the molecular gas mass and extent of main-sequence galaxies across cosmic time

Abstract : Aims. We aim to constrain for the first time the mean mass and extent of the molecular gas of a mass-complete sample of normal > 1010 M⊙ star-forming galaxies at 0.4 < z < 3.6.Methods. We apply an innovative uv-based stacking analysis to a large set of archival Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations using a mass-complete sample of main-sequence (MS) galaxies. This stacking analysis, performed on the Rayleigh-Jeans dust continuum emission, provides accurate measurements of the mean mass and extent of the molecular gas of galaxy populations, which are otherwise individually undetected.Results. The molecular gas mass of MS galaxies evolves with redshift and stellar mass. At all stellar masses, the molecular gas fraction decreases by a factor of ∼24 from z ∼ 3.2 to z ∼ 0. At a given redshift, the molecular gas fraction of MS galaxies decreases with stellar mass at roughly the same rate that their specific star-formation rate (SFR/M⋆) decreases. The molecular gas depletion time of MS galaxies remains roughly constant at z > 0.5 with a value of 300–500 Myr, but increases by a factor of ∼3 from z ∼ 0.5 to z ∼ 0. This evolution of the molecular gas depletion time of MS galaxies can be predicted from the evolution of their molecular gas surface density and a seemingly universal MS-only ΣMmol − ΣSFR relation with an inferred slope of ∼1.13, the so-called Kennicutt–Schmidt (KS) relation. The far-infrared size of MS galaxies shows no significant evolution with redshift or stellar mass, with a mean circularized half-light radius of ∼2.2 kpc. Finally, our mean molecular gas masses are generally lower than previous estimates, likely due to the fact that literature studies were largely biased toward individually detected MS galaxies with massive gas reservoirs.Conclusions. To first order, the molecular gas content of MS galaxies regulates their star formation across cosmic time, while variation in their star-formation efficiency plays a secondary role. Despite a large evolution of their gas content and star-formation rates, MS galaxies have evolved along a seemingly universal MS-only KS relation.Key words: galaxies: evolution / galaxies: high-redshift / galaxies: ISM
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03574508
Contributor : INSPIRE HEP Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 20, 2022 - 1:52:19 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 20, 2022 - 1:52:20 PM

File

aa42299-21.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Citation

Tsan-Ming Wang, Benjamin Magnelli, Eva Schinnerer, Daizhong Liu, Ziad Aziz Modak, et al.. A3COSMOS: A census on the molecular gas mass and extent of main-sequence galaxies across cosmic time. Astron.Astrophys., 2022, 660, pp.A142. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202142299⟩. ⟨hal-03574508⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

27

Files downloads

0