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Le nom identité dans son sens de relation symétrique

Abstract : This article shows that the noun “identité” (identity), in its basic meaning, with respect to the adjective “identique” (identical) and applicable to objects, does not designate a quality or a characteristic, but a symmetrical relation between two entities. This means that if there is an identity between x and y, the relation is symmetrical: if x is identical to y, then y is identical to x. The logical structure of the noun “identité” is coherent with the syntactical structures where it appears, being generally used with relational prepositions like “avec” (with) or “entre” (between). This paper also addresses the problem (philosophically difficult) of partial identity – identity of z between x and y. The study of identity exposes a new subclass in the classification of abstract nouns, including nouns like équivalence, similitude, ressemblance, dissemblance, différence, altérité, which have designating a symmetrical relation as a common semantic characteristic.
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Emilia Hilgert. Le nom identité dans son sens de relation symétrique. Cahiers de Lexicologie, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 2013, 2 (103), pp.47-62. ⟨10.15122/isbn.978-2-8124-2079-5.p.0047⟩. ⟨hal-02478989⟩

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