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Les prépositions ensemblistes et la question de leur emploi spatial

Abstract : The purpose of this article is to show, first of all, the place of parmi in a specific micro-system of prepositions (which we call ‘ensemblistes’, i.e. “linking, adjoining”) when used spatially : parmi refers to the dissociation of the elements belonging to the localizing set and the partial, yet random, occupation of the space delimited by those elements ; entre shows the ordering of the elements belonging to the set and the saturation of all the spaces created by a demultiplied dual opposition ; the combination d’entre indicates that there has been a shift from the interior to the exterior of the site. The paper also supports the idea that the localizing site designated by the SP introduced by an adjoining preposition is not multiple, as it has been stated before, but unique : the site is, actually, a collection of Ns, which are spatially represented according to the predicates specific to parmi, entre and d’entre. Last but not least, this study shows that the imprecise localizing offered by parmi corresponds to various configurations consistent with à là, quelque part, çà et là, par ci par là, à travers, au milieu de and, ultimately, with dans cet environnement. The study of space representation with the help of parmi les N brings forth the idea that parmi signifies either the idea of partial and indeterminate occupation, or the one of exploring route or routes traced in a localizing set. In conclusion, parmi signals in several ways the dissociation and internal exploration of a set whose borders are negligible.
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-02479338
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Emilia Hilgert. Les prépositions ensemblistes et la question de leur emploi spatial. CORELA - COgnition, REprésentation, LAngage, CERLICO-Cercle Linguistique du Centre et de l'Ouest (France), 2012, Langue, espage, cognition, https://doi.org/10.4000/corela.2808. ⟨10.4000/corela.2808⟩. ⟨hal-02479338⟩

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