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Toledo, Imperial Ciudad: Acercamiento a la historia y leyenda de un título

Abstract : In this brief study, we propose to reconstruct as far as possible the meaning of the title of Toledo, "Imperial City", based on the history of this city, which was also a kingdom, in which myths and legends intersect. This title appeared during the same century when historical circumstances promoted the Emperor of Spain, Carlos I, to the title of Emperor. The question will therefore be to see to what extent the two phenomena coincide, what role the imperial figure played in this title or, on the contrary, how this exceptional situation was taken advantage of : historiographers, chorographers, chroniclers and the municipal government, with their respective means, used the most remote past and its halo of legends to justify the imperial character of the city of the Tagus. An examination of various writings - chronicles, ordinances but also strictly speaking literary texts - leads to the conclusion that the title in question is not linked to the Emperor but to the concern of certain elites to defend Castile and the city of Toledo, which is at its heart: seeing the city in a period of decadence in the last third of the 16th century, these various actors strove to restore the prestige it had known as the Court - among others - of the Emperor. For this reason, they established links between Toledo, its Visigothic past and the medieval imperial past on the one hand, and between the medieval period and the modern era on the other, so that the imperial character is endowed with a continuity whose generating centre is Toledo.
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Florence Dumora. Toledo, Imperial Ciudad: Acercamiento a la historia y leyenda de un título. L'imaginaire du territoire en Espagne et au Portugal, Casa de Velázquez, Feb 2006, Madrid, España. pp.35-59. ⟨hal-02523239⟩

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