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Contribution of Foods and Poor Food-Handling Practices to the Burden of Foodborne Infectious Diseases in France

Abstract : The foodborne disease burden (FBDB) related to 26 major biological hazards in France was attributed to foods and poor food-handling practices at the final food preparation step, in order to develop effective intervention strategies, especially food safety campaigns. Campylobacter spp. and non-typhoidal Salmonella accounted for more than 60% of the FBDB. Approximately 30% of the FBDB were attributed to 11 other hazards including bacteria, viruses and parasites. Meats were estimated as the main contributing food category causing (50-69%) (CI90) of the FBDB with (33-44%), (9-21%), (4-20%) (CI90) of the FBDB for poultry, pork and beef, respectively. Dairy products, eggs, raw produce and complex foods caused each approximately (5-20%) (CI90) of the FBDB. When foods are contaminated before the final preparation step, we estimated that inadequate cooking, cross-contamination and inadequate storage contribute for (19-49%), (7-34%) and (9-23%) (CI90) of the FBDB, respectively; (15-33%) (CI90) of the FBDB were attributed to the initial contamination of ready-to-eat foods-without any contribution from final food handlers. The thorough implementation of good hygienic practices (GHPs) at the final food preparation step could potentially reduce the FBDB by (67-85%) (CI90) (mainly with the prevention of cross-contamination and adequate cooking and storage).
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-03097838
Contributor : Laurence Dubois <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - 2:57:29 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 17, 2021 - 2:52:24 PM
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Jean-Christophe Augustin, Pauline Kooh, Thomas Bayeux, Laurent Guillier, Thierry Meyer, et al.. Contribution of Foods and Poor Food-Handling Practices to the Burden of Foodborne Infectious Diseases in France. Foods, MDPI, 2020, 9 (11), pp.1644. ⟨10.3390/foods9111644⟩. ⟨hal-03097838⟩

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