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Are there similarities between quasi-static indentation and low velocity impact tests for flax-fibre composites?

Abstract : Flax-fibre composites are increasingly used as a replacement of classical synthetic composite materials. Due to the good energy absorption properties of flax fibres, they represent a promising alternative in structures susceptible to low velocity impact (LVI) damage. However, this type of dynamic loading is complex, expensive to perform and not necessarily easy to fully investigate. A simpler way to tackle this problem consists in investigating quasi-static indentation (QSI) tests, but this alternative remains relatively under-researched for natural fibre composites. Thus, this paper aims at providing a comparison between both types of loading to facilitate the later analysis and modelling of flax fabric laminates submitted to LVI. Six layers of a flax 2/2 twill fabric were used as reinforcement for epoxy laminates made through vacuum infusion. Specimens were then submitted to instrumented LVI and QSI tests at comparable energy levels, with a 1.5 %–3.9 % difference only. Load-displacement curves and visible damage were first analysed and compared between both test types. Then, the internal damage within QSI specimens were investigated using acoustic emission (AE). Our findings showed good analogies between both testing methods in all the stages of damage development. Great similarities were found in load-displacement curves (in shape, stiffness and peak load), in energy absorption capacity (at 5 and 10 J) and in visible damage. Actually, the differences between QSI and LVI remain low, i.e. 2.1 % for linear stiffness, from 0.2 to 5.6 % for peak load and less than 7% for the proportions of absorbed energy. Comparison of the QSI damage analysed from the AE data with LVI results from literature suggested similar mechanisms and onset sequences. These results revealed that QSI monitoring could provide characteristic indications on the damage evolution of flax-fibre woven composites during an LVI test.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 25, 2022 - 7:19:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 10:22:17 AM




Adélaïde Leroy, Daniel Scida, Émile Roux, Franck Toussaint, Rezak Ayad. Are there similarities between quasi-static indentation and low velocity impact tests for flax-fibre composites?. Industrial Crops and Products, Elsevier, 2021, 171, pp.113840. ⟨10.1016/j.indcrop.2021.113840⟩. ⟨hal-03543201⟩



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