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Journal Articles Heliyon Year : 2022

Pesticide sorption and mitigation efficiency of a detention pond in a Champagne vineyard catchment

Abstract

Detention ponds (DPs) are used to reduce the pesticide inputs from runoff to surface water. This study aimed to assess the role of the sorption process in the mitigation of a DP made up of four successive units and built at the outlet of a vineyard catchment in Champagne (France) to treat runoff waters. Sorption kinetics and isotherms were studied for four pesticides with contrasting properties, cyazofamid (CYA), fludioxonil (FLX), fluopicolide (FLP) and oryzalin (ORY), in the presence of copper in sediments and four emergent macrophyte roots and rhizomes sampled in the DP units 2 (photodegradation) and 3 (phytoremediation). The adsorption equilibrium time (from 24 to 96 h) was less than the hydraulic residence times in the two units (6 and 18 days on average) between November 2016 and November 2017. Sorption equilibrium could then be reached in situ in 85 % of cases. The K d coefficients of the four pesticides were overall greater in plant roots (14–6742 L kg1) than in sediments (6–163 L kg1) because of their affinity for organic matter and the molecular and porous structure of the plant matrices. Typha latifolia and Iris pseudacorus exhibited greater Kd coefficients than Mentha aquatica and Phragmites australis, probably due to their greater specific surface area. The pesticide adsorption capacity in sediments and in T. latifolia and I. pseudacorus roots (ORY FLX > CYA > FLP) was linked to their Kow. The estimated total annual amounts of the four pesticides adsorbed in situ were determined to be 1236 mg for unit 2 and 1570 mg for unit 3. The four plants improved the removal efficiency of the unit 3 by 33%. Thus, the establishment of suitable and effective plants should be promoted to optimize sorption processes and DP efficiency in reducing water pollution.
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Dates and versions

hal-03864822 , version 1 (22-11-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Béatrice Marin, Sylvie Dousset, Anne Caner-Chabran, Alexandra Guillaneuf, David Billet. Pesticide sorption and mitigation efficiency of a detention pond in a Champagne vineyard catchment. Heliyon, 2022, 8 (11), pp.e11475. ⟨10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11475⟩. ⟨hal-03864822⟩
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