Persistence and survival of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts on lamb's lettuce leaves during plant growth and in washing conditions of minimally-processed salads - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Food Microbiology Year : 2023

Persistence and survival of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts on lamb's lettuce leaves during plant growth and in washing conditions of minimally-processed salads

Abstract

Cryptosporidium is the causative agent of cryptosporidiosis, which results, among others, in profuse diarrhoea. Transmission to humans occurs via the faecal-oral route directly by contact with infected hosts or indirectly by waterborne or foodborne routes. For the latter, parasite transmission is closely linked to the oocyst's ability to persist and survive in food matrices. In this study, we evaluated the persistence and survival of Cryptosporidium oocysts in lamb's lettuce: i) during plant growth and ii) in conditions mimicking the industrial washing process applied in minimally-processed vegetables (MPV). Results show that oocysts persisted during the growth of lamb's lettuce, i.e. two months from the 2-leaf stage until the 8-leaf harvest time (− 0.89 Log10 of oocysts). However, their survival decreased from as early as one week (− 0.61 Log10), and only 6 % of oocysts remained infective at the time of harvest. The washing process had a limited effect on parasite load (<0.5 Log10) and no effect on survival; chlorination of washing water did not improve the efficiency (removal and inactivation) of the process. The ability of C. parvum to persist and survive throughout the food chain may drive its transmission to humans through MPV products. Appropriate management measures should be implemented at each operational level to limit contamination and ensure food safety of fresh produce.
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hal-03976609 , version 1 (30-05-2024)
hal-03976609 , version 2 (07-06-2024)

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Sophie Kubina, Damien Costa, Catherine Cazeaux, Isabelle Villena, Loïc Favennec, et al.. Persistence and survival of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts on lamb's lettuce leaves during plant growth and in washing conditions of minimally-processed salads. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 2023, 388, pp.110085. ⟨10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2023.110085⟩. ⟨hal-03976609v2⟩
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