Cytocompatibility of titanium and poly(etheretherketone) surfaces after O2 non-thermal plasma sterilization - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2023

Cytocompatibility of titanium and poly(etheretherketone) surfaces after O2 non-thermal plasma sterilization

Abstract

The sterilization of medical devices is paramount to achieve an acceptable level of sterility assurance and to prevent hospital-acquired infections. However, some medical devices cannot be sterilized by usual processes such as autoclave (AC) and gamma-ray irradiation (GI). A new non-thermal plasma (NTP) process using sealed bag that preserves the sterile state of the devices could be used as an alternative sterilization method. The aim of the study was to assess the cytocompatibility of titanium and poly(etheretherketone) (PEEK) surfaces after O 2-NTP sterilization compared to GI and AC. MG-63 osteoblast-like cells were seeded on titanium (TA6V) and PEEK disks sterilized by AC, GI and O 2-NTP. The cells' viability and proliferation, determined by WST-1 and DNA quantification respectively, were enhanced whatever the material types from 3 to 10 days. When seeded on titanium, MG-63 cells showed a higher viability and proliferation after GI and O 2-NTP treatment compared to AC treatment. When cultured on PEEK, MG-63 cells showed a higher viability after O 2-NTP treatment. No difference of proliferation was observed whatever the sterilization processes. The cell colonization of the materials' surface was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay revealed no cytotoxicity. Thus, O 2-NTP led to similar cell responses to AC and GI and could be a cost-effective alternative process to the usual sterilization methods for fragile medical devices.

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Biomaterials
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hal-04192105 , version 1 (31-08-2023)

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Christina Maillet, Florence M Klein, Florian Le Bras, Frederic Velard, Christine Guillaume, et al.. Cytocompatibility of titanium and poly(etheretherketone) surfaces after O2 non-thermal plasma sterilization. PLoS ONE, 2023, 18 (8), pp.e0290820. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0290820⟩. ⟨hal-04192105⟩

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