Cognitions « rationnelles » et « irrationnelles » : quels liens entretiennent la pensée magique et la pensée scientifique dans les raisonnements quotidiens ?

Abstract : In everyday life, many events and behavior’s explanations refer to beliefs and reasonings are sometimes based on magical thinking. Associative and categorical reasoning is priviledged. Judgments are based on the principle of similarity, on coherence of information and also on hypotheses confirmation without taking into account their validation. Scientific thinking, based on logical reasoning, invalidation and elaboration of alternative hypotheses, process differently. According to the review of the literature, these two modes of thinking differ also in the motivations of their use. The magical thinking would rather rely on a pragmatic motivation to accommodate personal needs and conclusions and would have an adaptative function. As for the scientific thinking, it would rather rely on epistemic motivation to search for accuracy. These two modes of thinking are proned to social regulations and seem to reflect adaptative dynamics of the human thinking.
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https://hal.univ-reims.fr/hal-02172545
Contributor : Emmanuèle Gardair <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 3, 2019 - 8:56:24 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 6, 2019 - 7:02:42 AM

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Emmanuèle Gardair. Cognitions « rationnelles » et « irrationnelles » : quels liens entretiennent la pensée magique et la pensée scientifique dans les raisonnements quotidiens ?. Intellectica - La revue de l’Association pour la Recherche sur les sciences de la Cognition (ARCo), Association pour la Recherche sur la Cognition, 2014, 2 (62), pp.51-68. ⟨10.3406/intel.2014.1033⟩. ⟨hal-02172545⟩

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